The Deceptive Delusions of Green Capitalism — Why Endless Consumption of Our Finite Planet Will Take Us to Our Cliff of Doom and How We Can Prevent It

Endless Consumption of Our Finite Planet's Resources is Taking Us to Our Cliff of Doom... But we can save ourselves by saving the planet by changing our economic/consumption systemsBut we can save ourselves by saving the planet by changing our economic/consumption systems. This implies a radical transition of structures, replacing capitalism with a new paradigm whose sole purpose is to pursue the welfare of people and planet and NOT the market. To do this, people must organise to force change because all governments are subservient to the market and will lead to our extinction in this century. — Álvaro J. de Regil

Leaked Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Reports

On the Climate Change Planetary Crisis. If we want future generations to live with happiness on a healthy planet, we must stop denying reality and take action, for all governments are driving us to our final demise. —(Required reading to become aware that it is up to us, the citizenry, to save ourselves by taking eco-revolutionary action. — The Editors of Monthy Review

Lithium and the Contradictions in the Energy Transition that Devastate the Global South In Favour of the Global North

Green Capitalism is a Hoax, because switching to batteries is not sustainable and it keeps depredating the ecosystems. — Nubia Barrera Silva

Notes on Ukraine

A MUST-READ —An assessment shedding sobering and objective light on the underlying causes of the eight-year civil war in Ukraine turned into a full-scale war. This is a New Cold War and a great human tragedy. — The Editors of Monthly Review

Against Doomsday Scenarios: What Is to Be Done Now?

There is no option left but ecological revolution... the people will once again be compelled to take history into their own hands, in a struggle that is likely to be stormy and chaotic. — Interview of John Bellamy Foster

COVID-19 and Marketocracy

Confronting the pandemic in the context of the market’s supremacy over the welfare of people and planet. The result of the damage that humanity continues to inflict on the ecosystems of our home, Mother Earth. — Álvaro J. de Regil

Identifying a Safe and Just Corridor for People and the Planet

How biophysically “safe” targets can be achieved while also meeting goals for human well-being and justice. — Johan Rockström, Joyeeta Gupta, Timothy M. Lenton, Dahe Qin, Steven J. Lade ET AL

Buen Vivir: A Concept on the Rise in Europe?

Buen Vivir rests on an understanding of humanity’s relationship with nature that is fundamentally at odds with the Anthropocentrism of modernity. — Gustavo Hernández and Henkjan Laats

The Covid-19 Pandemic: "Their Contradictions and Ours"

It is urgent to define a clear set of demands and objectives that specifically defend the interests of the popular classes, i.e. the vast majority of the world's population. — Alain Bihr

Climate Change and Migration: Myths and Realities

Climate change is a threat multiplier; it cannot be isolated from social, political, economic, environmental and demographic migration drivers impacting both North and South. — Caroline Zickgraf

The Capitalinian — The First Geological Age of the Anthropocene

We propose The Second Age to succeed it to be "The Communian" by means of ecological and social revolution, derived from communal, community, commons. — John Bellmay Foster and Brett Clark

Manipulations of Freedom – The Dirty Fight for the Gig Economy

Here's why if you are socially conscientious, you must reject supporting Über and other corporations of the "Gig" economy that destroy livelihoods in pursuit of profit. — Sumona Gupta

The Fourth Industrial Revolution, the Great Reset and the End of Life as We Know it

How Capitalism in the 21st Century will take all species to the brink of extinction. To stop it we must start today by changing our way of life radically. — Álvaro J. de Regil

The Robbery of Nature – Capitalism and the Metabolic Rift

Capitalism's expropriation of nature is the basis for the exploitation of humanity and nature, leading to a rupture in the metabolism of nature and society, including its existence. John Bellamy Foster and Brett Clark

Epidemic Response –The Legacy of Colonialism

The COVID-19 pandemic is at its root a crisis of globalisation, a crisis of racial capitalism, a crisis of colonialism, a crisis of the social organisation of our public health system. It is a crisis of treatment and care versus demonisation and wall building. And it is the latest pandemic in a long line of modern ones—from SARS to swine flu to HIV to Ebola—a predictable and predicted outcome, not the mysterious unforeseeable lightning strike as it is often portrayed. The COVID-19 pandemic is at its root a crisis of globalisation, a crisis of racial capitalism, a crisis of colonialism, a crisis of the social organisation of our public health system. — Jennifer Dohrn and Eleanor Stein

Racial Capitalism and COVID-19

Nonwhite racialised workers, have now been deemed essential, so they still have to report to work despite stay-at-home orders. While viewed as essential, they are also treated as expendable. — Zophia Edwards

Not a Nation of Immigrants

It is crucial to recognise that when and how “immigration” as such began, it was based on overt, blatant racism and a policy of exclusion, and it has never lost that taint. — Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz

Educating for the Future We Want!

If education is to be an agent of change, it has itself to be the subject of change. Our educational systems are implicated in the multiple crises before us. — Stephen Sterling

Confronting Inequality in the “New Normal”: Hyper-capitalism, Proto-socialism, and Post-pandemic Recovery

We must must address the roots of systemic inequality that lie in the uneasy relationship between labour and capital. — Tim Jackson and Peter A. Victor

Welfare Systems Without Economic Growth: A review of the challenges and next steps to be taken.

How welfare can be provided in a non-growing economy and the challenges that entail. — Christine Corlet Walker, Angela Druckman, Tim Jackson

Show COP26 and Ecology

A true ecology of consumption—a new system of enduring needs is only possible by incorporating it into a new ecology of production, which requires the destruction of the capitalist system. — Alejandro Teitelbaum

Marketocracy and the Capture of People and Planet — The acceleration of Twenty-First Century Monopoly Capital Fascism through the pandemic and the Great Reset

This study examines the trajectory that the world has followed since neoliberalism was imposed on humanity half a century ago, assessing the subsequent motivations—and their consequences for humanity and the planet as a whole—of key global elite groups and individuals (Gates, Musk, Bezos and the World Economic Forum, and its proclaimed "Fourth Industrial Revolution" through "The Great Reset") who have powerful influence on the world's governments. We live in dangerous times on our planet that threaten the future of all living things, but there is a way to avoid such a future –––– Álvaro J. de Regil

Water as the Pandora's Box of Ecological Debacle from South and Central America

The hydrological cycle triggers the pandora's box of global greenhouse gas emissions from South and Central America - the Amazon, the Andean Glaciers, the Gran Chaco in Argentina and Paraguay. Since the origins of the Earth some 4,5 billion years ago, water has played an essential role in the planet's biological activity. Through it, mineral salts are diluted, and the organic substances in the cells are maintained, which, in turn, enable vital reactions from the simplest forms of life to the most complex and specialised. In the tragedy of the commons, peasant resistance and struggles for water are fought daily. - Nubia Barrera Silva

Neoliberal economics, planetary health and the COVID-19 pandemic: a Marxist ecofeminist analysis

Planetary health sees neoliberal capitalism as a key mediator of socio-ecological crises; a position echoed in many of the comments on COVID-19. In this personal view, I set out an economic theory that emphasises some of the ways in which neoliberal capitalism's conceptualisation of value has mediated responses to COVID-19. Using the intersection of ecological, feminist and Marxist economics, I develop an analysis of neoliberal capitalism as a specific historical form of economics. I identify the accumulation of exchange value as a central tendency of neoliberal capitalism and argue that this tendency creates barriers to the production of other value forms. - Simon Mair

COVID-19 and Catastrophe Capitalism — Commodity Chains and Ecological-Epidemiological-Economic Crises

COVID-19 has accentuated as never before the interlinked ecological, epidemiological, and economic vulnerabilities imposed by capitalism. As the world enters the third decade of the twenty-first century, we are seeing the emergence of catastrophe capitalism as the structural crisis of the system takes on planetary dimensions. — John Bellamy Foster and Intan Suwandi

Capitalism of Dispossession in the Palm Oil Plantations in the Countries of the Global South

The commodification of land has deepened the ecological, social and economic crises. The unprecedented global pandemic of the covid-19 virus comes from the destruction of the habitats of species of wild animals and plants and the subsequent migration to humans. The neoliberal model is unsupportable in the sustainable conservation of nature and the planet's economy. A change in the capitalist economy is urgently needed. — Nubia Barrera Silva

An Eco-Revolutionary Tipping Point?

Just a couple decades ago, we were told that neoliberal capitalism marked the “end of history.” Now it appears that the system’s ideologues may have been right, but not in the way they envisioned. The system of fossil-fuelled neoliberal capitalism is indeed moving toward an end of history, but only in the sense of the end of any historical advance of humanity as a productive, political, and cultural species due to the increasingly barbaric socio-economic and environmental conditions the system creates. There is now no alternative to the end of history as we know it. — Paul Burkett

Transitioning to Geocratia — the People and Planet and Not the Market Paradigm — First Steps

Parting from the fact that saving Planet Earth, our home, changes everything, we need to build a new ethos where the majority of humankind commits to a system whose only purpose is the pursuit of the welfare of people and Planet Earth. This requires that all Earth resources necessary for the enjoyment of life of all living things be managed to achieve true long-term sustainability. — Álvaro J. de Regil

The Contagion of Capital

The U.S. economy and society at the start of 2021 is more polarised than it has ever been. The wealthy are awash in a flood of riches, marked by a booming stock market, while the underlying population exists in a state of relative, and in some cases even absolute, misery and decline. The result is two national economies as perceived, respectively, by the top and the bottom of society: one of prosperity, the other of precariousness. At the level of production, economic stagnation is diminishing the life expectations of the majority. At the same time, financialisation is accelerating the consolidation of wealth by a very few. Although the current crisis of production associated with the COVID-19 pandemic has sharpened these disparities, the overall problem is much longer and more deep-seated, a manifestation of the inner contradictions of monopoly-finance capital. Comprehending the parameters of today’s financialised capitalist system is the key to understanding the contemporary contagion of capital, a corrupting and corrosive cash nexus that is spreading to all corners of the globe, and every aspect of human existence. — John Bellamy Foster, R. Jamil Jonna and Brett Clark

Marxism and Ecology: Common Fonts of a Great Transition

This essay unearths the deep ecological roots of Marx’s thought, showing how he brought an environmental perspective to bear on the overarching question of social transformation. From there, it traces the evolution of Marxian ecology, illuminating its profound, formative link to modern ecological economics and systems ecology. It concludes by discussing the wider project of building a social movement broad and deep enough to halt and reverse ecological and social destruction. — John Bellamy Foster

Democratising Firms –A Cornerstone of Shared and Sustainable Prosperity

We face a dilemma when considering the future of politics. Some argue that environmental sustainability is an obstacle to shared prosperity, calling it elitist and too costly. Others believe that environmental protection measures should take precedence over everything else at the expense of the poorest. This essay will argue that it is possible to respond to citizens' concerns about these issues, and care for the planet, in an entirely different way: by extending democracy in large transnational corporations to build a kind of internal constraint on their behaviour and decisions. I will argue that by addressing what I have called workers' "intuition of democratic justice" - their right to have a say in their lives and futures inside and outside the workplace - we can build a world that is both more democratic and more prosperous and sustainable. - Isabelle Ferreras

The Common Places of Environmental Scepticism

The challenge posed by the ‘limits to growth’ runs beyond the level of ordinary political debate, pointing to a crisis of philosophical anthropology: who are we, and how should we live, if we now believe that progress will not continue forever?— Richard Douglas

Keynesian Economics and the Welfare State

This work explains in detail the emergence of the new Keynesian economic paradigm as a consequence of the experience of the Great War and the Great Depression and the results obtained through government intervention during the New Deal. The goal here is to show how the post-war era, with the government in the driver's seat of the economy, provided the greatest period of progress in the welfare of both rich and poor nations, in spite of the very powerful interests that continuously moved in the opposite direction. The essay opens by stating that the war economy pulled the capitalist world out of depression. — Álvaro J. de Regil


Research and analysis to provoke public awareness and critical thinking

We contribute to the liberalisation of the democratic instituions of society, for they have been captured by the owners of the market. They work in tandem with their market agents, who, posing as public servants, are entrenched in the halls of government. The political class has betrayed its public mandate and instead operates to impose a marketocratic state to maximise the shareholder value of the institutional investors of international financial markets. They own the global corporations and think they own the world on behalf of their very private interest.

Our spheres of action: true democracy – true sustainability – living wage – basic income – inequality – ecological footprint – degrowth – global warming –human development – corporate accountability – civil, political, economic, social, cultural and environmental rights, responsible consumption, sustainable autonomous citizen cells...


Parting from an ethos of true democracy and true sustainability, We, the citizenry, work to advance the paradigm whose only purpose is to go in pursuit of the welfare of People and Planet and NOT the market.

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Textile Sweatshops in the US
Textile Sweatshops in the US

Taming Gaia 2.0: Earth System Law in the Ruptured Anthropocene

If the Anthropocene is a rupture in planetary history, what does it mean for international environmental law? When the Earth System crosses irreversible tipping points and begins a forceful, nonlinear transformation into a hostile state which I call the ruptured Anthropocene, the concept of protecting the global environment from humans would lose its meaning. Not only the dichotomy between humans and nature becomes irrelevant, but the environment itself will no longer exist as an object for protection. I argue that, for international environmental law to stay relevant in the ruptured Anthropocene, it needs to shift away from its traditional focus on restoring the planetary past, and instead play an active role in the making of planetary futures. Its new purpose will need to be active planetary stewardship, whereby humans add self-awareness for deliberate self-regulation of the Earth System. Such an attempt at ÔtamingÕ the so-called Gaia 2.0 will, however, create winners and losers, and the new form of law will have to address fundamental questions of justice on a planetary scale. Building on the concept of earth system law emerging in the earth system governance literature, I draw the contours of international environmental law 2.0 for the ruptured Anthropocene and discuss the challenges of instituting active planetary stewardship.


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On How 'Lobbies' Water Down the World's Most Important Climate Report

The latest complete IPCC mentions the word 'degrowth' 28 times, but mentions it zero times in the summary for policy makers.

The dossier of shame. This report is a litany of broken climate promises. Without rapid and deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions across all sectors, it will be impossible to avoid the climate disaster we are rapidly facing. Climate activists are sometimes portrayed as dangerous radicals, but the truly dangerous radicals are the countries that are increasing fossil fuel production. These statements - which could belong to any social movement spokesperson - are just some of the strongest statements that UN Secretary-General António Guterres has made in the wake of the official release of the latest part of the world's most crucial climate report, that of the Intergovernmental Panelon Climate Change (IPCC).



Providing Decent Living With Minimum Energy: A Global Scenario

It is increasingly clear that averting ecological breakdown will require drastic changes to contemporary human society and the global economy embedded within it. On the other hand, the basic material needs of billions of people across the planet remain unmet. Here,we develop a simple, bottom-up model to estimate a practical minimal threshold for the final energy consumption required to provide decent material livings to the entire global population. We find that global final energy consumption in 2050 could be reduced to the levels of the 1960s, despite a population three times larger. However, such a world requires a massive rollout of advanced technologies across all sectors, as well as radical demand-side changes to reduce consumption – regardless of income – to levels of sufficiency. Sufficiency is, however, far more materially generous in our model than what those opposed to strong reductions in consumption often assume.








Notes on Ukraine (late March 2022)

In light of the current events in Ukraine we have decided to make the Notes From the Editors for the May 2022 issue of Monthly Review immediately available. —Eds.

As we write these notes in late March 2022, the war in Ukraine continues to escalate, threatening to mutate instantaneously into a global thermonuclear war, which would result in the extermination of virtually the entire population of the earth.

To get a firm grasp on the current situation in Ukraine, we must understand the central role that the United States and NATO have played in the conflict from the start, beginning in 2014 with the U.S.-engineered Maidan coup. This was followed by the breaking apart of Ukraine, during which the Russian- speaking Crimea was incorporated into Russia after obtaining the population’s support in a referendum, while a civil war emerged between Kyiv, supported by the United States, and the breakaway republics in Russian-speaking Donbass in the eastern part of Ukraine, supported by Russia. Following eight years of civil war—which was again escalating in late 2021 and early 2022, with massive increases in military support and training from the United States and continued attacks by Kyiv on Donbass, in violation of the 2014 Minsk agreements—Russia entered directly into the civil war, transforming it into a full-scale war, with further horrendous results. This brought to the fore the reality that what was being played out in Ukraine was not simply a civil war between Kyiv and Donbass, which has set the stage, but rather a much larger proxy war between the United States/NATO and Russia, which has been developing for decades and lies at the root of the conflict.


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The Deceptive Delusions of Green Capitalism

Why Endless Consumption of Our Finite Planet Will Take Us to Our Cliff of Doom and How We Can Prevent It

Pundits and apologists of Ògreen capitalismÓ, an oxymoron, are working strenuously to deceive people. They want people to think that technology will solve all the problems associated with climate change and the planetary rift created by the Anthropocene geological epoch. With the full and enthusiastic cooperation of governments around the world, all underlying social structures such as educational systems, mass media, government public messaging, advertising, corporate public relations and many NGOs are conveying the narrative that the technological prowess of twentieth-first century capitalism will solve all the problems of the increasingly catastrophic planetary events. In this way, the messaging continues to be business as usual. People are led to presume that capitalism and its inherent and unsustainable consumer society will continue by making capitalism more efficient, more ecologically and socially responsible and sustainable as if it were already ecologically and socially sustainable to some extent. We just need to transition to new energy sources and become more efficient in resource consumption. Nonetheless, science has demonstrated that a safe and just transition to make the planet sustainable for the future generations of humans and non-humans, without transgressing the nine planetary boundaries, will require a radical structural and tectonic change to downscale our consumption of resources drastically. This inevitably requires the replacement of capitalism with a new eco-humanistic paradigm for the well-being of people and the planet and not the market. However, given that governments are utterly committed to preserving capitalism, only a global eco-social movement of conscientious and concerned individuals can organise to peacefully and democratically save our home, Planet Earth.



 Transitioning to Geocratia — the

Building the Vision of the Good Life

The crux of Kate Soper’s "Post-Growth Living" is simple: we need to redefine “the good life.” We need to move away from a culture that equates the good life with endless consumption and toward one that equates it with experiences that are not defined by the market. Not only is this transition ecologically necessary, but it will also lead to fairer, and far more pleasurable, experiences, such as Soper’s desired “alternative hedonism.” I am confident that this singular plea is both fecund and needed, even if, after reading, I am still not sure exactly what “alternative hedonism” actually is.

"Post-Growth Living" is a book that expects its readership to be quite comfortable with the fact that we share much more with other beings than previously thought, that we should move far away from nonhuman relations built on cold calculations, and that there is a relationality of all beings. Yet it is also a book that expects its readership to recognise that relationality between things does not imply that they are one in the same. On these grounds, Soper has no truck with post-humanism. She contends that the attempt of practitioners of post-humanism to “collapse…what they see as misguided or arrogantly humanist distinctions between ourselves and other animals” should be “resisted as unhelpful to the environmental argument.” This is because, she argues, nonhumans are not absolutely inseparable from us, nor do they have powers and forms of agency that uniquely define the human. To pretend we can fully absorb them into our worlds is then to deny the specificity of their own worlds. Her next critique is a bit more robust. The responsibility for ecological crises is profoundly human. Against post-humanist impulses, then, addressing ecological crises necessitates focusing on the ways we, as humans, live.

So, what does this alternative mode of human living look like? It begins with a rejection of the type of consumption on which current ideals of the good life are built, which problematically are today lodestars in the Global South as much as in the Global North. The majority of the world aspires to consume more—more cars, more fashion, more electronics, more everything—and these prima facie unsustainable aspirations are rooted in the everyday life of most of humanity, across class lines, dialectically wedding consumption to processes of production. To reify them as simply the “choices” or “desires” imposed by an all-powerful capital is to reproduce the idea that people exist only as workers or as capitalist consumers, and this is the idea that Soper is begging us to escape.

After this theoretical positioning, the bulk of the book works toward developing a vision of this alternative hedonism. The day-to-day aspects of her vision are not particularly radical, but this is likely the point. Soper’s alternative world is not a profound change from our own, it is simply one in which we develop ways to better reflect on and incorporate the environmental consequences of our consumption, and, in doing so, consume far less.


Sustainability and Metabolic Revolution in the Works of Henri Lefebvre

Humanity’s present social–ecological metabolic configuration is not sustainable, and the need for a radical transformation of society to address its metabolic rifts with the rest of nature is increasingly apparent. The work of French Marxist Henri Lefebvre, one of the few thinkers to recognise the significance of Karl Marx’s theory of metabolic rift prior to its rediscovery at the end of the twentieth century, offers valuable insight into contemporary issues of sustainability. His concepts of the urban revolution, autogestión, the critique of everyday life, and total (or metabolic) revolution all relate directly to the key concerns of sustainability. Lefebvre’s work embodies a vision of radical social–ecological transformation aimed at sustainable human development, in which the human metabolic interchange with the rest of nature is to be placed under substantively rational and cooperative control by all its members, enriching everyday life. Other critical aspects of Lefebvre’s work, such as his famous concept of the production of space, his temporal rhythmanalysis, and his notion of the right to the city, all point to the existence of an open-ended research program directed at the core issues of sustainability in the twenty-first century.



Ituango Dam: an Apology for Necropolitics in the Privatisation of the Cauca River in Colombia

Fallacies of hydroelectric power as clean energy of extractivist capitalism in the Global South

The magnitude of the ecological and environmental impacts due to the effects of the hydroelectirc project is of such a magnitude that emptying the canyon of the tropical dry forests with their vegetation and ecosystems produced an escalation of inconceivable ruptures in the socio-cultural systems with repercussions on the physical and mental health of its inhabitants. The result is dramatically reflected in the necropolitics led by politicians and landowning business people with private and state armies, a distinctive feature of the big land grabbers in Colombia. What is happening now is the complete overflow of irresponsibility, improvisation, and arrogance with which these people continue to manage the course of our social imbalance. The transfer of public property has the acquiescence and direct intervention of large local companies through legally constituted institutions, strengthened by militarisation with legal troops and parastatal complements.

Beyond the borders of this world of intimacy, familiar, immediate experience, repetition, calculation, and individual mastery, another world begins, which is the exact opposite of everyday life… If the link with the land is unexpectedly broken, everyday life, one of the greatest capitals of subjectivities of the good life, vanishes. The solutions to this project's crisis proposes the technical and controlled dismantling of the dam in steps or stages, which is more economical and, above all, avoids loss of life and economic losses… Without completely demolishing the wall, reopen the Cauca river to its natural course/level and the ancestral route. The dam must be dismantled in the context of the recovery of the Cauca river, the Nutabe-campesino territory and the rest of the populations that have lived for centuries on the banks of the Cauca river until it flows into the Magdalena River.



The South African Pandemic of Racial Capitalism

South Africa’s COVID-19 pandemic is one of racial capitalism, entangled with histories of imperial state formation, settler colonialism, and a hierarchical global-neoliberal public policy architecture. Racial capitalism is defined as a hierarchical political economy constituted by war, militarism, imperialism, expropriation, and super-exploitation. The racialised neoliberal-policy approach has limited state social provisioning, emphasising the primacy of markets, cost recovery, and competitive priorities in the provision of public infrastructure and services, including health care.

COVID-19 blatantly exhibited the social inequalities in South African society that have always been predicated on anti-Black racism and genocide. The trajectory is clear: revolution not reform, third world internationalism, and the rejection of reliance on the global financial architecture, the very foundations of which seek to preserve the genetic survival of white life (and white capital) above all others across the world.


Castellano Transitioning to Geocratia — the